Course title:





Tutor: Vesselina Koynakova



Mode of delivery:  seminars


Course place and status within the program

Elective course

Competence expectations


The students are expected to be able to compare and contrast the usage of epistemic markers, denoting logical necessity, probability, and predictability, both  in English and Bulgarian.


Aims and objectives of the course


The main objective of the course is to introduce the students to the theoretical frameworks of Cognitive Lingusitics and the ways they treat modal auxiliaries, modal adverbs, modal predicative adjectives, and mental state predicates in English. The theory is then applied to the respective markers in Bulgarian. A comparison is drawn with the findings of Descriptive Linguistics-the focus is on the difference and similarity of usage of the markers, based on authentic material both form written and spoken language.  


Weekly organization of topics & reading assignments


1. Epistemic Modality in Descriptive Linguistics. The meanings of logical necessity, probability, and predictability.

2. The English modal auxiliaries in Langacker's epistemic model.

3. Fauconnier's theory of mental spaces.

4. The expression units of epistemic modality in English: modal verbs, modal adverbs, mental state predicates, and modal predicative adjectives.

5. The Expression units of epistemic modality in Bulgarian.

6. Comparing English and Bulgarian paradigm.

7. Bulgarian epistemic markers in Langacker's epistemic model and Fauconnier's model of mental space.

8. Exploring source –translation patterns in literary works and justifying useful translation strategies.


Course requirements


Throughout the course work the students are required to actively participate in the discussions during the seminars and do some independent research in the subject area.


Mode of assessment


The students are assed on the grounds of a course project.




1.Fauconnier Gilles."Chapter 14: Mental Spaces". The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics. Ed. Dirk Geeraerts, Dirk and Hubert Guyckens. Oxford: Ox-ford University Press, 2007.

2.Langacker, Ronald. Foundations of Cognitive Grammar- Descriptive Application. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1991.

3.Langacker, Ronald. Cognitive Grammar- A Basic Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press: 2008.

4.Jan Nuyts. Epistemic Modality, Language and Conceptualisation. John Benjamins Publishing Company. Amsterdam/ Philadelphia, 2001.

5.Palmer, F.R. Mood and Modality. Cambridge University Press,  1993.

6.Quirk, R. et al. (1985) A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. Lon-don: Longman.

7.Георгиев, Станю. Морфология на съвременния български език. Наука и изкуство, 1983.

8. Куцаров, Иван. Очерк по функционално-семантична граматика на българския език: ПУ " Пайсий Хилендарски", 1989.

Пашов, Петър. Практическа българска граматика. София: Просвета, 1994.