Course title:





Tutor: Vesselina Koynakova



Mode of delivery: lectures and seminars


Course place and status within the program


Core subject


Competence expectations


The students are expected to be able analyse word formation patterns, word classes, and morphological grammatical categories and markers.  


Aims and objectives of the course


The main objective of the course is to introduce students to the theoretical framework of Descriptive Lingusitics and its methods of analysis applied to Word Formation, Word Classes, and Morphological Grammatical Categories and markers.


Weekly organization of topics & reading assignments


TOPIC  1    Introduction. Basic principles, methods and operations of     linguistic analysis. Units of morphological description - the     word, the   morpheme, the inflection.

TOPIC   2   Grammatical categories and markers.Parts of speech-open and  closed classes; characteristics of the open and closed classes   /systems/. Notional, functional classes.

TOPIC  3    Word-formation. General principles, considerations,  tendencies.

TOPIC  4    Major WF Paterrns: Affixation, Conversion, and  Compounding.

TOPIC  5    Marginal derivational types: Clipping, Blending, etc.

TOPIC  6    The English Noun. Morphological classes-simple, derivative,  compound, substantivised forms; Semantic-classes: proper, common, countable, uncountable, abstract, concrete; Shifts of semantic classes.

TOPIC  7    The English Noun. Grammatical categories.  Number-invariables-singular (take singular verb) -mass concrete,  mass abstract, most proper nouns, some nouns ending in ‘s'-news,  measles, mathematics, etc., abstract adjectival heads (of noun phrases)- the good, the beautiful; plural-summation plurals-scissors,trousers etc., some  proper  nouns -mountain ranges,etc.-Alps, Netherlands, USA; lexicalised plurals-  arms, goods, etc., collective plurals- cattle, /some, like family,police, may take either sg or pl verb/; personal adjectival heads-the   living,the dead, the wounded.

TOPIC 8    Variables- regular-/s/, /z/, /iz/, treatment of ‘y' endings. Doubling  of final consonant. Irregular- voicing-/s/-/z/;  /  /- /  /;  /f/-/v/-+ forms that take either  regular or voicing. mutation-foot-feet zero plural-sheep,trout,deeren plural-oxen      children brethren  foreign plurals-native-museums, foreign-phenomena, both-  stadiums, stadia

TOPIC 9    Gender-lexico-grammatical category, classes,  pronoun substitution,   morphological markers.

TOPIC 10   Case-Genitive-markers-'s, ‘ , of phrase-grammatical functions - subjective, objective, possesive+ meanings of-origin, descriptive/qualitative, partitive etc; structural forms-locative, elliptic, group, double - 2 часа

TOPIC 11    The English article -a/n, the, zero- specific and generic reference.   Predetermines, central determiners, postdeterminers. The English Pronouns.

TOPIC 12    The English Verb. General characteristics, types of verbs   (oppositions).  Finite and non-finite verb phrases (the infinitive, the ing form, the past participle).  Grammatical categories.  

TOPIC 13    Time and tense. Present tense with-present time reference,-past time  reference.Past tense with- present time reference,-past time   reference. Futurity. Ways of expresssing future time reference.

TOPIC 14    Aspect and aspectuality. Progressive-nonprogressive. Perfect:non-perfect.

TOPIC 15    Modality and modal verbs. Mood.

TOPIC 17    Voice. Active-passive transformations.

TOPIC 18    The English adjective. Classifications, types, criteria.

TOPIC 19    The English adverb. Classifications.Closed and open classes.

TOPIC 20     Prepositions, conjunctions, and particles.


Course requirements


Throughout the course work the students are required to actively participate in the discussions during the seminars and do 2 practice tests: one on  The English Noun and the other one  -on  The English verb.


Mode of assessment


The students are assed on the grounds of a written exam. They are expected to do a practice test and discuss a linguistic issue from the subject area.




The general bibliography for the course includes:

1. Douglas Biber -Longman Grammar of Written and Spoken English-2001, Pearson Education Limited

  1. R.Quirk, Sidney Greenbaum; A University Grammar of English -,1996, Longman  Group Limited

3.  R.Quirk et al. A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language - 1994, Longman

Group Limited

4. Rodney Huddleston, Introduction to the Grammar of English -1993, Cambridge University Press

5. Molhova, Jana; Stamenov, Christo; Stoevsky; A. Readings in Theoretical Grammar: The English Verb, Second Edition,1988. The Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia.

6. Веселина Койнакова, Сашко Павлов; Помагало по морфология на САЕ, 2002, Пловдивско университетско издателство