MODERNISM TO POST-MODERNISM: CONTINUITIES AND DISCONTINUITIES

A SURVEY OF ENGLISH LITERATURE, 1901 – THE PRESENT

 

SYLLABUS FOR 2nd-YEAR ENGLISH-PHILOLOGY STUDENTS, Academic Year 2017/2018, Spring Semester

Paisii Hilendarski University of Plovdiv, Course convener: Assoc. Prof. Yana Rowland PhD, yanarowland@gmail.com

 

  1. The Transition: 1880-1939: historical background and intellectual context. The literary stage.

  • 19th-century continuities and perceptions of modernity. International contributions (James, Eliot, Yeats). The war theme. The ‘hungry' 1920s. Experimentation, literary formations & perceptions of art. J. Conrad – Heart of Darkness (1899) – alienation & marginalization; critique of colonial cultural establishments.

  • MODERNISM – temporal boundaries, interpretations, and genre varieties.

 

  1. Theatre up until WWII. G. B. Shaw, William Butler Yeats, John Galsworthy, Sean O'Casey.

 

  1. The Edwardian Novel. Expansions of imagination, journeys of self-discovery: H. G. Wells, E. M. Forster, G. K. Chesterton, J. Galsworthy.

 

  1. Modernist poets. Mysticism, seclusion and the wounded mind.

  • Symbolism. W. B. Yeats, Thomas Hardy, Charlotte Mew, Edward Thomas, Edith Sitwell, and Robert Graves (the early poems)

  • The WWI generation: Rupert Brooke, Siegfried Sassoon, Wilfred Owen, Isaak Rosenberg

  • T. S. Eliot (1888 - 1965) – tradition, culture and the "hollow" man

 

  1. Modernist prose:

A. The stream-of-consciousness way; The Bloomsbury Group, the sea of experience, and the image of the artist:

Virginia Woolf, James Joyce, Katherine Mansfield

B. Nature and human psychology, identity as responsibility, hidden labyrinthine tales:

- D. H. Lawrence

- Daphne du Maurier, Agatha Christie

 

  1. Documents of Fiction: the 1930s & 1940s. Humanity on a threshold. Alternatives of Modernism. Investigations, anti-utopias, varieties of social critique; alienation & loss. Brave New Worlds. C. Isherwood, A. Huxley, E. Waugh, G. Greene; G. Orwell, J. R. R. Tolkien, P. Hamilton, E. Bowen, A. Kavan.

 

  1. Further poetic idiosyncrasies. Tracks, remembrances, visions – WWII and after; prospects and national chants: W. H. Auden, Louis MacNiece, Dylan Thomas, R. S. Thomas, Keith Douglas, Ted Hughes, Philip Larkin, Seamus Heaney, Geoffrey Hill, Simon Armitage, James Fenton, Stevie Smith, Carol Ann Duffy.

 

  1. The Indignant 1950s. Fabulous youth. Own lands/other lands: William Golding, Kingsley Amis, John Wain, John Braine, Angus Wilson, Alan Sillitoe, Muriel Spark, Sam Selvon.

 

  1. Drama after WWII. Political naturalism, absurdism, "[the angry] man as he is," the idyllic past. "Kitchen sink" drama. John Osborne, Samuel Beckett, Shelagh Delaney, Harold Pinter, Peter Shaffer, Tom Stoppard, Sarah Kane.

 

  1. Fiction on a broader (contemporary) canvas: 1960–2000. Postmodernism & post-colonialism. Cultural revolutions & cultural compromises. Time and space in human perception. The campus novel. Psychological fiction. Magic realism. Feminism, gender and sexuality. Literature and Politics. The coming-of-age theme. Comedies of manners. Historiographic metafiction.

  • Malcolm Bradbury, David Lodge

  • Doris Lessing, Margaret Drabble, Pat Barker

  • Iris Murdoch, Angela Carter, Anita Brookner, Beryl Bainbridge

  • Martin Amis, Anthony Burgess, Anthony Powell

  • John Fowles, Graham Swift, Nick Hornby, Ian McEwan

  • Jean Rhys, V. S. Naipaul, Salman Rushdie, Kazuo Ishiguro, Timothy Mo, Hanif Kureishi, Ben Okri

  • Jeanette Winterson

  • Julian Barnes, A. S. Byatt

 

  1. Recent voices and imprints in fiction. The urban air, mutiny, romance, the past, same-sex voices.

Zadie Smith, Rachel Seiffert, Sarah Waters, Monica Ali, Alan Hollinghurst, Chris Cleave, Anne Enright, Andrea Levy, Alison Moore.

  1. FINAL ELIMINATORY TEST

 

SEMESTRAL SEMINAR WEEKLY PLANNING

 

 

  1. Joseph Conrad – Heart of Darkness (1902)

 

  1. T.S. Eliot: The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock (1915)

 

  1. W. B. Yeats - Death (1918), The Second Coming (1919), Sailing to Byzantium

(1928)

 

  1. War Poetry:

  • Rupert Brooke – The Soldier (1914)

  • Siegfried Sassoon – Suicide in the Trenches (1918), Does It Matter? (1918)

  • Wilfred Owen – Dulce Et Decorum Est (1917), Anthem for Doomed Youth (1917)

  • Isaak Rosenberg – Returning, We Hear Larks; Dead Man's Dump (1916)

 

  1. D. H. Lawrence – Sons and Lovers (1913)

 

  1. James Joyce – A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1914-15, 1916)

 

  1. Virginia Woolf – Mrs Dalloway (1925)

 

  1. Mid-Term Test (based on works covered so far)

 

  1. George Orwell – Animal Farm (1945)

 

  1. Modern Poetry:

  • Dylan Thomas – Especially When the October Wind (1934), Fern Hill (1945)

  • Keith Douglas – Desert Flowers (1943), Vergissmeinnicht (1943)

  • Ted Hughes – Wind (1966), Old Age Gets Up

  • Philip Larkin – At Arundel Tomb, Aubade, This Be the Verse

 

  1. John Osborne – Look Back in Anger (1956) & Harold Pinter – The Caretaker (1959)

 

  1. John Fowles – The French Lieutenant's Woman (1969)

 

  1. Julian Barnes – Flaubert's Parrot (1984)

 

  1. A. S. Byatt – Possession (1990)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Modern English Literature

 

READING LIST

 

 

Prose Fiction:

Joseph Conrad – Heart of Darkness (1899))

D. H. Lawrence – Sons and Lovers (1913)

One novel by E. M. Forster of the student's free choice

James Joyce – A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1916); The Dead (Dubliners, 1914)

Virginia Woolf – Mrs Dalloway (1925)

George Orwell – Animal Farm (1945)

John Fowles – The French Lieutenant's Woman (1969)

Julian Barnes – Flaubert's Parrot (1984)

Jeanette Winterson: Oranges Are Not the Only Fruit (1985)

A. S. Byatt – Possession (1990)

Either of the following: Graham Swift – Waterland (1992), or Zadie Smith – White Teeth (2000), or Ian McEwan – Atonement (2001)

Either of the following: Salman Rushdie's Midnight's Children (1981); Kazuo Ishiguro's A Pale View of Hills (1982); Timothy Mo's Sour Sweet (1982); V. S. Naipaul's A House for Mr Biswas (1961); Hanif Kureishi's The Buddha of Suburbia (1990); Ben Okri's The Famished Road (1991)

Either of the following: Muriel Spark's The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (1961); Doris Lessing's The Golden Notebook (1962), Margaret Drabble's Jerusalem the Golden (1967); Iris Murdoch' s The Black Prince (1973); Angela Carter's Nights at the Circus (1984)

 

 

Poetry:

T.S. Eliot: The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock (1911), The Waste Land (1922)

Rupert Brooke – The Soldier (1914)

Siegfried Sassoon – Suicide in the Trenches (1918), A Child's Prayer (1918), Does It Matter? (1918)

Wilfred Owen – Dulce Et Decorum Est (1917), Strange Meeting (1918), Anthem for Doomed Youth (1917)

Isaak Rosenberg – Returning, We Hear Larks; Dead Man's Dump, Break of Day in the Trenches (1916)

Thomas Hardy – Satires of Circumstance in Fifteen Glimpses (1914), A Wish for Unconsciousness (1928)

W. B. YeatsEaster, 1916 (1916); A Dialogue of Self and Soul, Death (1918), The Second Coming (1919); Sailing to Byzantium (1928), The Circus Animal's Desertion (1939)

W. H. Auden – It Was Easter as I Walked in the Public Gardens (1929), Venus Will Now Say a Few Words (1929), Anthem for St. Cecilia's Day (1941)

Louis MacNiece – Autumn Journal (1939) – excerpts (as available)

Dylan Thomas – Especially When the October Wind (1934), Fern Hill (1945), There Was a Saviour (1946)

Keith Douglas – Desert Flowers (1943), Vergissmeinnicht (1943)

Ted Hughes – Wind (1966), Old Age Gets Up

Philip Larkin – At Arundel Tomb; Aubade; Midsummer Night (1940), At Grass; I remember, I remember;

Andrew Motion – Better Life (2012)

Simon Armitage – I Say I Say I Say

James Fenton – God, a Poem

 

 

Drama:

G. B. Shaw – Pygmalion (1913), or Saint Joan (1923)

John Osborne – Look Back in Anger (1956)

Harold Pinter – The Caretaker (1959)

 

REFERENCE

 

* – WORKS AVAILABLE IN PLOVDIV UNIVERSITY LIBRARY

** – WORKS AVAILABLE IN IVAN VAZOV PUBLIC LIBRARY IN PLOVDIV (DELIVERY BY ORDER)

 

*(ed.) Abrams, M. H., The Norton Anthology of English Literature. 5th edition, Volume 2 (New York & London: W. W. Norton & Company, 1986)

*(eds.) Abrams, M. H. and Stephen Greenblatt, The Norton Anthology of English Literature. 7th edition, Volume 2 (New York & London: W. W. Norton & Company, 2000)

*Alexander, Michael, A History of English Literature (Palgrave Macmillan, 2007)

*(ed.) Bentley, Eric, The Theory of the Modern Stage. An Introduction to Modern Theatre and Drama (Penguin Books, 1986)

Bergonzi, Bernard, Turn of a Century. Essays on Victorian and Modern English Literature (Macmillan: 1973)

Bradbury, Malcolm, The Modern British Novel (Penguin, 1994)

Bradshaw, D. & Dettmar, K. J. H., (eds.) A Companion to Modernist Literature and Culture (Wiley-Blackwell, 2008)

Birch, Dinah, (ed.) The Oxford Companion to English Literature, 7th edition (OUP, 2009)

**Bluemel, Kristin, George Orwell and the Radical Eccentrics: Intermodernism in Literary London (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004)

**Burgess, Anthony, English Literature. A Survey for Students (Harlow: Longman, 1974)

**Cahill, Audrey F., T. S. Eliot and the Human Predicament (Pietermaritzburg: University of Natal Press, 1967)

*Caserio, Robert L. & Hawes, Clement, The Cambridge History of the English Novel (CUP, 2011)

** Childs, C. J., Brodie's Notes on E. M. Forster's A Passage to India (London: Pan Books, 1976)

Childs, Peter, Contemporary Novelists. British Fiction since 1970 (Palgrave Macmillan, 2005)

(ed.) Corcoran, Neil, The Cambridge Companion to Twentieth-Century English Poetry (Cambridge University Press, 2007)

Connor, Steven, The English Novel in History (Routledge: London and New York, 1996)

*(ed.) Dodsworth, Martin, The 20th Century, Volume 7 of the Penguin History of Literature (Penguin Books, 1994)

**Daiches, David, A Critical History of English Literature In 4 Volumes, Vol. 4: The Romantics to the Present Day (London: Secker & Warburg, 1992)

*Davie, Donald, Under Briggflatts. A History of Poetry in Great Britain 1960–1988 (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1989)

*Dowson, Jane, The Cambridge Companion to Twentieth-Century British and Irish Women's Poetry (Cambridge University Press, 2011)

*Driver, Tom, Romantic Quest and Modern Query (New York: Delacote Press, 1970)

Eagleton, Terry, After Theory (Penguin Books, 2004)

Eagleton, Terry, The English Novel. An Introduction (Blackwell Publishing, 2008)

**Eliot, T. S., A Collection of Critical Essays, ed. Hugh Kenner (NJ, Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1962)

**Ellmann, Richard, Eminent Domain. Yeats among Wilde, Joyce, Pound, Eliot, and Auden (New York: Oxford University Press, 1967)

Featherstone, Simon, War Poetry. An Introductory Reader (London & New York: Routledge, 1995)

*(ed.) Ferguson, Margaret, Mary Jo Salter and Jon Stallworthy, The Norton Anthology of Poetry (New York & London: W. W. Norton & Company, 1996)

*Filipova, Kalina, Dramatised Narration. The Development of Joyce's Narrative Technique from Stephen Hero to Ulysses (Sofia: St. Kliment Ohridski University Press, 2007)

*(ed.) Ford, Boris, The Present. Volume 8 of the New Pelican Guide to English Literature (Penguin Books: 1990)

*(ed.) Ford, Boris, The Present. Volume 8 of the New Pelican Guide to English Literature (Penguin Books: 1990)

Forster, Edward M., Aspects of the Novel (Penguin Books, 1976)

Friedman, Alan, The Turn of the Novel. The Transition to Modern Fiction (Oxford University Press, 1970)

*Groes, Sebastian, The Making of London. London in Contemporary Literature (Palgrave Macmillan, 2011)

**Gontarski, S. E. E., The Intent of Undoing in Samuel Beckett's Dramatic Texts (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1985)

Head, Dominic, The Cambridge Introduction to Modern British Fiction: 1950-2000 (Cambridge University Press, 2004)

**Hellerstein, Marjorie H., Virginia Woolf's Experiments with Consciousness, Time and Social Values (Lewiston, N. Y.: E. Mellen Press, 2001)

**Horne, Alistair, Telling Lives. From W. B. Yeats to Bruce Chatwin (London: Macmillan, 2000)

*Howarth, Peter, The Cambridge Introduction to Modernist Poetry (Cambridge University Press, 2012)

*(ed.) Hynes, Samuel. Graham Greene. A Collection of Critical Essays (New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1973)

Innes, Christopher, Modern British Drama: 1890-1990 (Cambridge University Press, 1992)

Innes, C. L., The Cambridge Introduction to Postcolonial Literatures in English (Cambridge University Pres: 2007)

*(eds.) James, Edward and Farah Mendelsohn, The Cambridge Companion to Fantasy Literature (Cambridge University Press, 2012)

**Jenkins, John, Brodie's Notes on Shelagh Delaney's A Taste of Honey. Ed. Graham Handley (London: Pan Books, 1988)

**Johnson, Barbara, The Feminist Difference: Literature, Psychoanalysis, Race and Gender (Cambridge Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1998)

**Karl, Frederick R., Joseph Conrad. The Three Lives. A Biography (NY: Farrar Straus & Giroux, 1979)

*Katsarova, Vesela, My Country is the Whole World. Women in Bulgarian and Anglo-American Literature (Sofia: Polis Publishers, 2007)

*Kermode, Frank and John Hollander, The Oxford Anthology of English Literature, Volume II: 1800 to the Present (Oxford University Press, 1973)

*Kern, Stephen, The Modernist Novel. A Critical Introduction (Cambridge University Press, 2011)

*(eds.) Knowlson, James and Elizabeth, Becket Remembering. Remembering Beckett. A Centenary Celebration (New York: Arcade Publishing, 2006)

*Leavis, F. R., The Great Tradition. George Eliot, Henry James, Joseph Conrad (Penguin Books, 1986)

(ed.) Leitch, Vincent B., The Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism (New York & London: W. W. Norton & Company, 2001)

Lewis, Pericles, The Cambridge Introduction to Modernism (Cambridge University Press, 2008)

(ed.) Lodge, David, Modern Criticism and Theory (Pearson Education: 1988)

*Mackay, Marina, The Cambridge Companion to Literature of World War II (Cambridge University Press, 2009)

**Litz, A. Walton, James Joyce (New York: Twayne, 1966)

*Nicol, Bran, The Cambridge Introduction to Postmodern Fiction (Cambridge University Press, 2009)

*(ed.) O'Neill, Michael, The Cambridge History of English Poetry (CUP, 2010)

*Massie, Alan, The Novel Today. A Critical Guide to the British Novel 1970 – 1989 (London & New York: Longman, 1990)

Perkins, David, A History of Modern Poetry, Volume I: From the 1890s to the High Modernist Mode (Harvard University Press, 1979)

Perkins, David, A History of Modern Poetry, Volume II: Modernism and After (Harvard University Press, 1989)

(ed.) Poole, Adrian, The Cambridge Companion to English Novelists (Cambridge University Press, 2009)

*(ed.) Poplawski, Paul, English Literature in Context (Cambridge University Press, 2008)

*Rawson, Claude, The Cambridge Companion to English Poets (CUP, 2011)

Roberts, Neil, A Companion to Twentieth-Century Poetry (Blackwell Publishing, 2003)

(ed.) Sage, Lorna, The Cambridge Guide to Women's Writing in English (Cambridge University Press, 1999)

*Sanders, Andrew, The Short Oxford History of English Literature. Third Edition (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2004)

**Schmidt, Michael, Lives of the Poets (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1999)

Stewart, J. I. M., Writers of the Early Twentieth Century. Hardy to Lawrence. The Oxford History of English Literature (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990)

Showalter, Elaine, The Female Malady. Women, Madness, and English Culture, (1830 – 1980) (Virago, 1988)

*(ed.) Shwarz, Daniel R., James Joyce. The Dead. Case Studies in Contemporary Criticism (Boston & New York: Bedford Books of St. Martin's Press, 1994)

Tew, Philip, The Contemporary British Novel (Continuum: London – New York, 2004)

Trotter, David, The English Novel in History (Routledge: London and New York, 1993)

*Tuma, Keith, Anthology of Twentieth-Century British and Irish Poetry (Oxford University Press, 2001)

**Vendler, Helen Hennessy, Poets Thinking. Pope, Whitman, Dickinson, Yeats (Cambridge Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2004)

Ward, A. C., English Literature. Chaucer to Bernard Shaw (Longmans, Green and CO, 1958)

*Weiss, Daniel, Oedipus in Nottingham: D. H. Lawrence (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1962)

Wolfreys, Julian, Literature in Theory: Tropes, Subjectivities, Responses and Responsibilities (Continuum: 2010)

**Yeats, William Butler, Essays and Introductions (New York: Collier Books, 1973)